Wood Bat Series Part 2: Turn Models

Have you ever wondered what “turn” means in reference to wood bats? Have you thought about swinging a wood bat but wasn’t sure which turn model was right for you? These are questions frequently asked by players when they are first introduced to wood baseball bats. Knowing the differences between turn models is critical when selecting the correct wood bat. But have no fear, we’re here to help. Wood bat turn models vary based on a number of factors such as handle diameter, barrel diameter, barrel length and balance. The most popular wood bat turn models are 110s, 271s, and 243s. Lets take a look at the characteristics of each turn model and go over which type of hitters prefer them.

110 Turn
Wood bats with a 110 turn are ideal for players transitioning from metal bats to wood. This is because they have a similar balance and feel to metal bats. The 110 model has a similar barrel diameter to most wood bats, but a thicker handle and longer barrel. This gives the 110 model a balanced feel which is preferred by contact hitters.

Handle Diameter: 1.00”
Barrel Diameter: 2 ½”
Taper (Barrel Length): Long

271 Turn
Wood bats with a 271 turn are similar to the 110s. The main difference is that they have a thinner handle and are slightly more end loaded. Although they are more end loaded than a 110, the 271 maintains an overall balanced feel. The 271 is a great fit for any hitting style, but because it is balanced, it is typically preferred by contact hitters.

Handle Diameter: 15/16” (.938”)
Barrel Diameter: 2 ½”
Taper (Barrel Length): Long

243 Turn
Wood bats with a 243 turn have a thinner handle and larger barrel diameter than most wood bats. This gives the 243s an end loaded feel and a lot of pop. Wood bats with a 243 turn are not suggested for first timers because they are top heavy and not as easy to swing. They are arguably the most popular model among experienced, power hitters because of the larger barrel and end loaded swing weight.

Handle Diameter: Approximately 29/32” (.906”)
Barrel Diameter: Approximately 2 ⅝”
Taper (Barrel Length): Medium

We’ve now covered the different types of wood used to make bats and the different turn models. Check back with us next week for the 3rd installment of our wood bat series, “Composite Wood Bats.” Until then, tell us all about your favorite wood bat turn models at blog@justbats.com and keep posting your photos and videos for a chance to win $25 or $300 in our weekly JustBats.com Gift Card Give Away!

  • Jim

    Are turning models based on traditions set by great players? In other words, did a popular bat turning model such as 271 eventually become a standard because a particular professional baseball player found great success by using a bat with this design?

    • JustBats

      Hi Jim. That’s an interesting question. To our knowledge, bat turns are not determined by famous hitters. They have been fine tuned over time to provide different swing weights and balance points. It’s true that many pro players have bats custom made to their specifications, but as far as we know, no new turn models have been standardized because of that.

  • Bill

    I just saw easton birch bats their models are S1, S2, S3 and S4. What are the specs for those

    • JustBats

      Hi, Bill. Thanks for the question. We carry the S2 in Birch, but the S1 and S4 would be Maple models while the S3 is Ash (unless you see them on another site). But all of these models feature 15/16″ handle diameters. The amount the handle is flared and the length of the taper from barrel to handle will differ slightly which affects balance.

      The S1 has a slightly bigger barrel than the S2, the S3 and S4 offer more flared knobs, but we don’t have exact measurements for these models other than the handle thickness. With a side-by-side comparison of the pictures, the differences are noticeable.

      I apologize that we don’t have all of the turn model specifics, but feel free to give us a call at 866-321-2287, and we’ll do our best to find the right model for your game. Thanks!